Stockholm Municipality (help ·information) (Vietnamese phonetic: Chihulom; IPA: ['ɔ khlm ɔ]; (Swedish pronunciation: [stˈ kkɔ ː ɔ, ˈ ksurf ɔ, ˈStyklm]) is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 949,761 people live in the self-management area, about 1.5 million in urban areas, and 2.3 million in urban areas. The city stretches over fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Just outside the city and along the coast are the archipelago of the Stockholm Islands. The area was settled in the Stone Age, in the sixth millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by a Swedish politician called Birger Jarl. It's also the capital of Stockholm County.
|— City —|
It was taken from the ancient city's aerial, Skeppsbron, Stockholm City Hall, Hötorget, Ericsson Globe and the Stockholm Palace.
|Brand name: Eken, Venice in the North, Venice of Scandinavia, Mälardrotningen|
|Provinces of Vietnam||Södermanland and Uppland|
|Go to the first||1252|
|Secretariat of government||13th century|
|· Mayor||Karin Wanngård Municipality|
|· Cities||188 km2 (73 mi2)|
|· Urban||381.63 km2 (14.735 mi2)|
|· Metropolitan areas||6,519 km 2 (2.517 mi2)|
|Altitude||0 m (0 ft)|
|· Density||5.1/km2 (13/mi2)|
|· Urban density||3,597/km2 (9.320/mi2)|
|· Metropolitan areas||2.308.143 pounds|
|· Urban density||0.00,035/km2 (0.00,092/mi2)|
|Resident name||People from Stockholm|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|· Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Nominal GDP (2015)||0.15 trillion|
|Nominal GDP per capita (2015)||$70,000.|
Stockholm is the center of Swedish culture, media, politics and economics. The Stockholm region alone accounts for more than one third of the country's total GDP, and in the 10 regions of Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, and the main center of the mass brain headquarters of the northern European region. This city has several leading universities in Europe, for example the Stockholm School of Economics, the Karolinska Institute and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH). It organizes the Nobel Prize and annual party at the Stockholm Concert and the Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's highest-rated museums, the Vasa museum is the most visited of Scandinavia as a non-art museum. The Stockholm subway, open in 1950, is famous for the decoration of the railway stations; it's called the longest art gallery in the world. Friends Arena of Sweden is in the north of the city, in Solna. The National Gym, Ericsson Globe, is just south of the city. The city is the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, and is organized by the 1956 Summer Olympics instead of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Stockholm is the headquarters of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the Supreme Court in the judiciary, and the whereabouts of the Swedish King and the Prime Minister. The government is headquartered at the Rosenbad, Riksdag (the Swedish National Assembly), which is located in the Parliament, and the Prime Minister's residence at the Sager House. The Stockholm Palace was the official residence and workplace of the Swedish King, while the Drotningholm Palace, a world heritage on the outskirts of Stockholm, was used as the Royal Swedish private residence.
History of history
After the Ice Age, about 8,000 years BC, there are a lot of people living in the area today of Stockholm, but when the temperature falls, these people move south. Thousands of years later, as the ice melts, the climate becomes more pleasant, and the land becomes fertile, some return to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and Lake Mälaren is an area of the ancient streets of Stockholm built somewhere around 1000 BC by the Vikings. They had a positive commercial impact on the region produced by the trade lines they were producing.
The location of Stockholm appeared in the Saga with Agnafit, and in Heimskringla was associated with the mythology King Agne. The earliest mention of Stockholm originated in 1252, when the mine in Bergslagen made it an important place of trade in iron. The first part of the city name (stock) means the log in Swedish, though it may be related from the German classical (Stock), meaning the fortress. The second part in the name (holm) means small island, and people think it refers to the small island of Helgeandsholmen in the central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles, this city was founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from the Karelia Sea invasion after Sigtuna on Mälaren Lake in the summer of 1187.
The center of Stockholm, the Ancient Street (Gamla Stan) is now built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the middle of the 13th century on. The city originally rose up in the Baltic of the Hanse Coalition. Stockholm has developed cultural and economic ties with Lübeck, Hamburg, Gdańsk, Visby, Reval, and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 the Stockholm City Council of 24 members, half of which had been selected from the German speakers.
The importance of the city's strategy and economy has made Stockholm an important element in the relationship between the Danish monarchs of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II may enter the city in 1520. On November 8, 1520 a carnage of the so-called "The Opposition." The Stockholm bloodbath has taken place and the start of the next uprising that eventually leads to the break of the Kalmar Union. With Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of Royal power, the Stockholm population began to rise to 10,000 in 1600.
The 17th century seen Sweden grow into a European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. Between 1610 and 1680 the population doubled. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish Empire. Trade rules have also been generated for Stockholm a fundamental monopoly on trade between foreign businessmen and other territories of Sweden and Scandinavia. In 1697, the palace of the Lord Kronor was burned, and replaced by the Stockholm Palace.
In 1710, an epidemic killed about 20,000 people (36 percent of the population). And after the end of the North European World War, the city became dominated. The population has stopped increasing and the economy has slowed down. The city was shocked after losing the capital of a power. Stockholm, however, remains the political center of Sweden and continues to develop culture under Gustav III.
In the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm regained its leading economic role. Emerging industries and Stockholm have been transformed into an important trading and service center as well as an important stronghold in Sweden. Population growth during this time, mainly through immigration. In the late 19th century, less than 40 percent of the people here were born in Stockholm. Settlements began to expand beyond the city's scope. The 19th century has seen the creation of several scientific institutes, including Karolinska Institutet. The Stockholm School of Art and Industry exhibition was held in 1897. The old Stockholm telephone tower was a milestone between 1887 and 1953; it was originally built to connect the telephone lines, it became redundant after the lines were lowered, and it was used for advertising.
Stockholm became a modern, technological, multi-ethnic city in the second half of the 20th century. Many old buildings are abandoned in the age of Modern architecture, including many large parts of the Klara Old district, and are replaced with modern architecture. However, other parts of Stockholm (such as Gamla stan, Södermalm, Östermalm, Kungsholmen and Vasastan), many houses and roads built before the Modern Architecture movement and the functions of Sweden (around 1930-1935) still exist in this era of destruction. Throughout the century, many industries have moved from intensive activities to higher technology and services areas.
At present, the Stockholm metropolitan area is one of the fastest growing areas in Europe, and its population is predicted to reach 2.5 in 2024. As a result of this enormous population growth, a dense high-rise building project in the center of the city is linked with a hierarchical path.
Stockholm is on the east bank in central Sweden, where the Lake Mälaren — the third largest lake of Sweden — flowing to the Baltic Sea. The city center consists of fourteen islands in the Stockholm Islands. The geographical center of the city lies on the water, at the Gulf of Riddarfjärden. More than 30 percent of the city's surface is water and another 30 percent are parks and green space.
Located at the east end of the low-lying area of Sweden, the city's position reflects the trajectory of Sweden in the Baltic region.
The Stockholm population of the Realm is a fairly mild Forest group, which means that the climate is very similar to the northeastern part of the United States and the Nova Scotia Sea in Canada. The average temperature is 10°C (50°F). The average rainfall is from 30 to 60 inches a year. The forest of leaves has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, fall and winter. In the autumn the leaves change color. In the winter months of the tree leaves.
For information on other areas of the Stockholm region, see the following. North Stockholm: Järfälla, Solna, Täby, Sollentuna, Lidingö, Upplands Väsby, Österåker, Sigtuna, Sundbyberg, Danderyd, Vallentuna, Ekerö, Upplands-Bro, Vaxholm, and Norrtälje. South Stockholm: Huddinge, Nacka, Botkyrka, Haninge, Tyresö, Värmdö, Södertälje, Salem, Nykvarn and Nynshamn.
Municipality of Stockholm
The Stockholm Municipality is an administrative unit defined by the geographical boundaries. The semi-official name of the self-governed municipality is the City of Stockholm (Stockholms Stad in Swedish). As a autonomous community, the City of Stockholm is divided into district councils, they are responsible for primary schools, social services, entertainment and culture in each region. The self-management area is usually described in three main parts: Innerstaden (Stockholm City Center), Söderort (South Stockholm) and Västerort (West Stockholm). The districts of the three areas include:
City center of Stockholm
- Kungsholmen Province
- Norrmalm District
- Södermalm Municipality
- Östermalm Municipality
- Farsta District
- Skarpnäck Municipality
- Skärholmen Municipality
- Älvsjö Municipality
- Bromma District
- Hässelby-Vällingby Municipality
- Spånga-Tensta Municipality
The modern mall of Norrmalm (centered around the city square Sergels torg) is the largest shopping area in Sweden. This is the central region of Stockholm for business and shopping.
Stockholm, with the average temperature in February of -1.7°C (28.9°F), has a moisture continent (Köppen Dfb) in most recent reference, it can be classified as the positive climate (Köppen Cfb) if the3-C (2) line is used (use. As the city has a high degree of northern latitude, the daylight time varies markedly from 18 hours in the middle of summer to only 6:00 in late December. Stockholm has a relatively mild weather relative to other sites in the same latitude, or even further south. With an average of more than 1,800 hours of sunshine a year, this is one of the sunny cities in North Europe, receiving more sunlight than Paris, London, and some of the largest cities in Europe at a much greater length south. Because of the recent improvements in the climate it should be classified as a cold ocean climate with a major influence from the continent if the temperature line -3 is used (27° F). Because the tropical island and the main wind flow on land rather than the ocean during the summer months, Stockholm has the warfarmest summer in the Nordic countries.
Even with a mild climate, Stockholm has a far north position compared to one of Canada's counterparts above the arctic timber line at sea level.
The average height of summer daylight is 20-25°C (68-77°F) and is about 13°C (55°F), but on some days the temperature can reach 30°C (86°F). The days of temperatures above 30°C (86°F) take place an average of 1.55 days per year (1992-2011). The days from 25°C (77 F) to 30 were common (86°F) to July and August. The night was rarely more than 20°C (68°F), and the sunny night was 17 to 18°C (63 to 64°F). Winter usually brings the cloudy weather with the largest amount of water in December and January (in the form of rain or snow). The average winter temperature is about -3 to -1°C (27 to 30°F), and sometimes it's down to -20°C (-4°F). In spring and fall the temperature is usually cool to a peaceful environment.
The following table shows data from 1981 to 2010 despite the period of official Köppen reference period of 1961-1990. In terms of the ongoing measurements, the temperature has increased during the years 1991-2009 compared with the previous years. Warming was created the most during the winter months, with temperatures rose above 2.0°C (3.6° F) in January. In terms of 2002-2014, some rise in temperature has also been measured, even though several months like June were quite stable.
The record height in Stockholm was 36°C (97°F) on July 3, 1811; the record low is -32°C (-26°F) on January 20, 1814. The temperature has not fallen below -25.1°C (-13.2°F) since January 10, 1987.
The annual marine Christmas is 539 mm (21.2 in), with about 170 wet days and small rains arriving all year. The snow will fall mostly between December and March. It may sometimes snow in late October as well as in April.
In Stockholm, you can sometimes see the pole.
|Stockholm's climate data, 1981-2010 (Marine and Sunny Time 1961-1990, 1756-current)|
|Month(s)||1||AD 2||1||AD 4||AD 5||AD 6||AD 7||AD 8||AD 9||AD 10||AD 11||AD 12||Year(s)|
|Record High (°F)||11.0||12.2||17.8||26.1||29.0||32.2||36.0||35.4||27.9||20.2||14.0||12.7 tons||36.0|
|Critical average (°F)||0.5||0.6||3.9||9.9||16.4||20.1||23.0||21.4||15.8||9.9||4.8||1.7||10.7|
|Date average, ok (°F)||-1.6||-1.7||1.2||6.0||11.7 tons||15.7||18.8||17.6||12.7 tons||7.7||3.0||-0.3||7.6|
|Low record,°C (°F)||-32.0||-30.0||-25.5||-22.0||-6.5||0.0||4.3||2.0||-3.5||-9.0||-18.0||-22.5||-32.0|
|Bow mm (inches)||AD 39 |
|AD 27 |
|AD 29 |
|AD 29 |
|AD 32 |
|AD 55 |
|AD 65 |
|AD 59 |
|AD 52 |
|AD 49 |
|AD 47 |
|AD 45 |
|TB launch date( 1.0 mm)||AD 9||AD 7||AD 7||AD 6||AD 6||AD 9||AD 9||AD 9||AD 8||AD 9||AD 10||AD 10||AD 100|
|Average monthly hours of sunshine||AD 40||AD 72||135||185||276||292||260||221st||154||AD 99||AD 54||AD 33||1,821|
|Source #1: Dichromata|
|Source #2: SMHI Corporation|
The 60th southern position of Stockholm's latitude means that the number of hours in the day light is relatively small in the winter — about six hours, in the first half of July and in the first half of July, at 18 o'clock in daylight. The time of the sun's even lower is never 7.3 degrees below the horizon. This makes the sky a bright blue in summer once the sun sets, because it never gets darker than the shipping twilight. And when you look at the top, you can see some of the stars when the sun is down. But it's not the same as the sun at midnight, which is occurring north of the Arctic Circle, about seven degrees further north.
Stockholm City Council (Swedish): Stockholms ommun fullmäktige is the name of the local government. The Council of 101 members was elected at the same time as the ordinary election, which was held at the same time as the Riksdag election and the county council. The Council is convened twice a month at the Stockholm Town Hall, and meetings are opened to the public. The issues on which the decision-making Councils have been broadly prepared and discussed by different committees and committees. Once decisions are made to implement, the employees of the city government and companies will take over.
The majority of elected members include one mayor and eight vice-mayor. The mayor and each of the vice mayor were the head of the department, responsible for a separate area, such as the city planning. The opposition team also had four deputy mayor, but they had no jurisdiction. The mayor and the 12 vice ministers created the Council of Mayors, and they prepared problems for the City Steering Committee. The mayor is in special position, and he runs both the Council of Ministers and the City Executive Committee.
City Executive Committee (Swedish): Kommun Styrelsen was elected by the Council of Cities and might be regarded as equivalent to the cabinet. The HCMC Executive Board makes an opinion on all matters determined by the Council and is overall responsible for the monitoring, evaluation and implementation of its decisions. The Steering Committee is also responsible for long-term financial management and development. The City Committee consisted of 13 members, representing the majority and the opposition. Its meetings are not open to the public.
After the 2014 Stockholm City Election, the majority of the seats in the city council are now held in the left wing and Mayor of Stockholm (in Swedish): Finansborgarråd) is Karin Wanngård from the Social Democratic Party. In addition to the eight political parties represented above the national level in Riksdag, the Women’s Initiative has also made several seats in the city council and is part of the key holder of authority.
The majority of Stockholm residents are in the service industry, accounting for 85 percent of the work in Stockholm. Almost completely without the heavy industry (and the fossil energy plant) has helped Stockholm to become one of the largest cities in the world. The last decade saw a considerable amount of work created by high-tech companies. Large employers include IBM, Ericsson, and Electrolux. There's a big information technology center in Kista, north of Stockholm.
Stockholm is the financial center of Sweden. Key Swedish banks such as Nordea, Swedbank, Handelsbanken, and Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken are headquartered in Stockholm, as well as major insurance companies including Skandia, Folksam and Trygg-Hansa. Stockholm also had Sweden's first stock exchange, the Stockholm stock exchange (Stockholmsbörsen). In addition, about 45% of Swedish companies with more than 200 employees have headquarters in Stockholm. The famous H&M clothing retailer is also headquartered in this city. In recent years, tourism has played an important role in the city's economy. Stockholm County is ranked as the 10th largest tourist destination in Europe, with more than 10 million people staying overnight last year. Of the 44 European cities, Stockholm had the sixth highest growth in the number of nights remaining between 2004 and 2008.
The largest companies by number of employees:
- Ericsson — 8.430
- Posten AB (national postal service) — 4,710
- Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB) — 4,240
- Swedbank — 3,610
- Södersjukhuset (Southern Hospital) — 3,610
- MTR Stockholm (Stockholm Metro Operator) — 3,000
- Nordea — 2,820
- Handelsbanken — 2,800
- IBM Svenska — 2,640
- Capgemini — 2,500
- Securitas AB — 2,360
- Veolia Transport — 2,300
- ISS Facility Services — 2,000
- Sveriges Television (Public Television) — 1,880
- Nobina Sverige AB — 1,873 (2012)
- Sodexo — 1,580
In 1994 the city’s owned Stokab began a network of fibers throughout the autonomous community as a level playing field for all the operators (Stockholm City, 2011). About a decade later, a 1.2 million kilometers long network (0.7 million miles) makes it the world's longest fiber-fiber optic network and has more than 90 operators and 450 companies as customers. In 2011 was the last year of a three-year project, bringing fiber optics to 100 percent of public housing, meaning 95,000 homes were added. (Stockholm City, 2011)
In addition to being the capital of Sweden, Stockholm also had several national cultural institutions. The Stockholm region has three of the cultural heritage of Sweden - the destinations were rated priceless places of the whole human race: Drotningholm Palace, Skogskyrkogården (Woodland Cemetery) and Birka. In 1998, Stockholm was known as the European Capital of Culture.
Writers involved in Stockholm include poet Carl Bellman (1740-1795), writer and novelists, August Strindberg (1849-1912), and the novelist of Hjalmar Söderberg (1869-14, Stockholm) It's a related part of their work.
Martin Beck is a Swedish police detective from Stockholm, the main character in a series of 10 novels by Maj Sjöwall and Per Wahlöö, commonly known as the Crime Story, and often located in Stockholm.
Other authors whose outstanding legacy in Stockholm are Nobel laureate Eyvind Johnson (1900-1976) and famous composer Evert Taube (1890-1976). Writer Per Anders Fogelström (1917-1998) wrote a series of well-known novels that describe life in Stockholm between 18 and the middle of the 20th century.
The oldest part of the city is Gamla stan (Ancient Street), located in the small islands of the oldest settlement and still has a medieval street layout. Some of the prominent buildings of Gamla Stan are the German church (Tyska kyrkan) and some palaces: Riddarhuset (House of the Swedish Noble), Bonde Palace, Tessin Palace, Oxenstierna Palace.
The oldest building in Stockholm was Riddarholmskyrkan at the end of the 13th century. After the fire in 1697 when the original Middle Castle was destroyed, the Stockholm Palace was built in the Baroque style. Great Church of Storkyrkan, bishop of the Stockholm, standing beside the castle. It was founded in the 13th century but was decorated in the baroque style dating from the 18th century.
As early as the 15th century, the city had expanded beyond its original borders. Some of the preindustrial pre-industrial projects since this period can still be found in Södermalm. In the 19th century and the Stockholm Era of industrialization grew rapidly, with plans and structures inspired by the major cities of the continent, such as Berlin and Vienna. Notable buildings of this period include public buildings such as the Royal Swedish Opera House and private developments as luxury dwellers on Strandvägen.
In the 20th century, a nation-based push led to a new style inspired by the medieval and renaissance as well as the influence of the Jugend/Art Nouveau style. a key landmark of Stockholm, the Stockholm City Hall, built between 1911 and 1923 by architect Ragnar Östberg. The prominent workshops during this time are the Stockholm Public Library and the Skogskyrkogården cultural heritage.
In the 1930s modern capitalism was especially aimed at the development of the city. New populated areas such as Gärdet or industrial development have also added to this development, such as the KF production industry in Kvarnholmen, located in the Nacka.
Stockholm is one of the most numerous museums in the world, with about 100 museums visited by millions of people every year.
Vasa Museum (Swedish): Vasamuset) is a maritime museum in Djurgården only displayed a 17th century ship that was almost intact, this Vasa 64 ship sank on its first voyage in 1628.
Nationalmuseum has the biggest collection of art in the country: 16,000 paintings and 30,000 artistic crafts. This collection came from the era of Gustav Vasa in the 16th century, and since that was expanded to work by artists like Rembrandt, and Antoine Watteau, as well as a major part of the Swedish arts legacy, rendered in the works of Alexander Roslin, Anders Zilers, Johan Togel, and Larsgel, Carl Frek, Carl Frek, Carl Ernst Josephson.
Moderna Muset is the Swedish National Museum of Modern Art. It's got work by well-known modern artists like Picasso and Salvador Dalí.
Skansen is a combination of the outdoor museums and the zoo, on the island of Djurgården. It was established in 1891 by Artur Hazelius (1833-1901) to show the way of life in many parts of Sweden before the era industrial.
Other outstanding museums (in alphabetical order):
- ABBA: The Museum, an interactive exhibition of pop ABBA
- The Northern European Museum, which is reserved for the cultural and ethical history of Sweden
- Fotografiska, photography museum
- Livrustkammaren, the Royal Armed Services, is in the Stockholm Palace
- The Nobel Museum, for the Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize laureate, and Nobel laureates, Alfred Nobel (1833-1896)
- Royal Coin Cabinet, dedicated to monetary history and overall economic history
- Stockholm City Museum
- Swedish Museum of Natural History
Stockholm has a vivid art landscape with a number of international recognized art centers and a shopping mall. Other private creative organizations such as Bonniers Konsthall, Magasin 3, and those supported by the government such as Tensta Konsthall and Index have top national and international artists. In recent years, a multi-gallery area has appeared around Hudiksvallsgatan where the leading galleries such as Andréhn-Schipjenko, Brändström & Stene. Other important trade galleries include Nordenhake, The Milliken and Galleri Karlsson Gallery.
Outside Stockholm are areas with a diverse cultural background. Some of the suburbs, including Skärholmen, Tensta, Jordbro, Fittja, Husby, Rinkeby, Rissne, Hallonbergen, Kista, Hagsässelby, Farsta, Rågsved, Flemingberg, and the suburbs outside of Söderätätäsberg, where there is a big exception, immigrants or the second generation of migrants. They are mostly from the Middle East (Assyrian, Syrian, Turk and Kurdish, but immigrants from Africa, Southeast Asia and Latin America. Other sections of the suburbs, like Täby, Danderyd, Lidingö, Flysta and, as well as some of the suburbs that were mentioned above, were most Swedish.
The famous Stockholm cinemas include the Royal Opera House (Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern), one of the most famous European theaters and the Swedish Royal Opera House was unveiled in 1773.
Other notable players are the Stockholm City Opera House (Stockholms Stadsteater), Civil Opera House (Folkoperan), the modern Dance Theater (Moderna dansteatern), China Theater, Göta Lejon Theater, Mosebackhand Academy.
Gröna Lund is an entertainment park on Djurgården Island. This amusement park has more than 30 tourist attractions and more restaurants. This is a popular tourist attraction and is visited by thousands of people every day. It opens at the end of April to the middle of September. Gröna Lund is also the venue of the concert.
The most popular sports are football and hockey on the ice. The three most popular football clubs in Stockholm are AIK, Djurgårdens IF and Hammarby IF, all play in the first prize, Allsvenskan. AIK plays at Swedish national football stadium, Friends Arena at Solna, with a capacity of 54,329 people. Djurgårdens IF and Hammarby play at Tele2 Arena in Johanneshov, with a capacity of 30,000 people.
All three clubs are multi-function sports clubs, with hockey teams on the ice; Djurgårdens IF plays in first place, the AIK at the second and Hammarby in third place, as well as curved ball, basketball, floor football and other sports teams, including single sports.
Historically, this city has been the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics. Stockholms Olympiastadion since those days has events in sport, especially football and athletics. The other big sports athletes are Friends Arena, the new football stadium, the Stockholm Globe Arena, a multi-functional stadium and also one of the largest hemisphere buildings in the world and the Hovet stadium nearby.
In addition to the 1912 Summer Olympics, Stockholm is also the head of the Riding House at the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 1992 European Championship during the 1992 Summer Olympics. Stockholm is also the second largest holder of the 19584 World Cup.
Stockholm also owns all but one Nordic Game, a multi-sport winter event that takes place before the Winter Olympics.
In 2015, the Rugby league club Stockholms Kungar was established. They are also the first Rugby league team of Stockholm and will play at the Swedish National Rugby League.
Every year, Stockholm organizes the world's ÖTILLÖ Swimrun championship.
Stockholm has held the Open Stockholm tournament, an annual ATP World Tour 250 ATP tournament in 1969. The tournament has been held in Kunglitennishallen year.
There are over 1,000 restaurants in Stockholm. As of 2013, Stockholm proudly had a total of eight restaurants with Michelin stars, two of which were two stars.
- The Stockholm Jazz Festival is one of Sweden's oldest festivals. This is the festival in July at Skeppsholmen.
- Stockholm Pride is the largest gay pride event in the Nordic countries that takes place in the last week of July every year. The Stockholm gay pride event ends with a parade and in 2007, 50,000 marches with 500,000 viewers.
- Marathon Stockholm takes place on early Friday every year.
- The Nobel Prize laureate took place at the Stockholm City Hall every year on December 10.
- The Stockholm Cultural Festival (Swedish): Stockholms festival Kulturturi) is a summer festival held every year in the middle of August.
- Stockholm Water Festival (Swe: Vattenfestivalen) is a popular annual festival in Stockholm between 1991 and 1999.
- Manifestation, an annual Christian festival with more than 25,000 participants.
- Summerburst Music festival
- The Stockholm International Film Festival is held every year since 1990.
Green city with national urban park
Stockholm is one of the cleanest cities in the world. The city was awarded the 2010 Green capital of Europe by the European Commission; this is Europe's first blue capital. Election cities are assessed in many ways: climate change, local transport, public green areas, air quality, noise, waste, water consumption, waste treatment, sustainable land use, biodiversity and environmental management. Of the 35 participating cities, eight finalists were selected: Stockholm, Amsterdam, Bristol, Copenhagen, Freiburg, Hamburg, Münster, and Oslo. Some of the reasons Stockholm won the Green Capital Awards of 2010 are: its integrated management system ensures that environmental aspects are considered in accordance with the budget, activity planning, reporting and monitoring; cutting carbon dioxide emissions to 25 percent per person in 10 years; And decided to become a city that didn't have fossil fuels in 2050. Stockholm has long shown interest in the environment. The city’s current environment program is the fifth program since the first environment program was established in the middle of the 1970s. In 2011, Stockholm returned the European Capital's Green Capital to Hamburg, Germany.
Quality of air
Stockholm had a particularly worrisome extent of dust in the water tire (PM10), but from 2016 this level had fallen below the limit, after certain road restrictions were made. Instead, the problem in 2016 was that nitrogen dioxide came from diesel engines. In 2016 the rate of urban emissions (measured in the roof of Torkel Knutssonsgatan): NO2 μ 11 g/m3, NOx 14 g/m3, PM10 12 μ g/m3, PM2.5.9 g/m3, socket 0.4 g/m3, subatomic particle 6200003/m3. So, SO2 0.4 μ g/mTotal3Profile, ozone 51 μ g/m3. For the average level of urban road (crowded road traffic density line Hornsgatan), this is: NO2 43 g/m3, NOx 104 g/m3, PM10 23 μ g/m3, PM2.5μ9 g/m3, 1.0 μ g/m3, 17111100000000000 cm0000000 3 milligrams per million, ozone 31 gμ/m3.
Stockholm has a large public transportation system. It includes the Stockholm subway (in Swedish): Tunnbanan), consisted of three primary lines distinguished by color (green, red and blue), with seven actual lines (10, 11, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19); submarines of Stockholm (in Swedish): Pendeltågen) runs on the railroad of the state on four lines (35, 36, 37, 38); four power lines (7, 12, 21, and 22); The narrow 891 mm railway is Roslagsbanan, three-line (27, 28, 29) in the northeast; the local area of Saltsjöbanan, on two lines (25, 26) south-east; a large number of bus lines and the Djurgården ferry that run in the city. Most public transportation in Stockholm County (except airport/airport bus and other commercially viable bus lines) is organized under the general patronage of Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL), a aktiebolag that is entirely owned by the Stockholm County Council. Since the 1990s, the operation and maintenance of the SL’s public transportation services has been signed with independent companies to bid for contracts such as MTR, which currently operates the subway. Boats traffic in the islands is run by the Waxholmsbolaget, a company fully owned by the County Council.
The SL has a common ticket system throughout Stockholm County, which allows for easy travel in many different means. There are two main types of tickets, single tickets, and transportation cards, which allow for unlimited travel with the SL transportation of the entire Stockholm County in full time of entry. On April 1, 2007, a regional system (A, B, C) and a ticket pricing system were introduced. There are many forms of single ticket including front-end tickets, pre-payment tickets, eight-turn prepaid tickets, and texting and tickets in the machine. Cash tickets purchased at the start of movement are the most expensive and 8-fold advance tickets are the cheapest. Single ticket effective 75 minutes. Effective time of the travel card depends on each type; it can take 24 hours to a year. A 30-day card for 790 SEK (83 EUR; $130. All types of tickets are reduce the prices for students and people under the age of 20 or 65. On January 9, 2017, the regional system was removed, and ticket prices had increased.
Project City Line
With an estimated cost of 16.8 billion SEK (January 15 billion), 2.44 billion U.S. dollars, City Line, an environmental guarantee project, consisting of a 6 km (3.7 miles) long-distance (in rocks and water) under Stockholm, with two new stations (Stockholm City and Stockholm Odenplan), and a 4 km long-distance (0 km (1.0 miles) railway bridge 87 miles of Årsta. The City Line was built by the Ministry of Transport in cooperation with the City of Stockholm, the Stockholm County Council, and the Stockholm Department of Transportation, SL. As the Stockholm station is overloaded, the purpose of the project is to double the productivity of the road and improve service efficiency. Operation started in July 2017.
Between Riddarholmen and Söder Mälarstrand, City Line runs through an underground concrete tunnel. As a green project, City Line includes clearing water; reduce noise by rail to thin audio; using synthetic diesel engines would create clean air for users; And the recycling of stone was excavated.
Stockholm is the junction point of the European route E4, E18, and E20. There is a ring that's been formed in the south, west and north of the city center. The northern part of the shaft in 2015 has been discussed as a project in the future. A highway connecting the transportation network between North and South Sweden will be built in the west of Stockholm between 2013 and 2023. Many islands and water roads make the road system more complex and expensive, and new highways often build along the tunnel and tunnel systems.
Stockholm has routinely ferry routes to Helsinki and Turku in Finland (often called "Finlandsfärjan"); Tallinn, Estonia; Riga, Latvia, Åland and Saint Petersburg. The vast Stockholm Islands have a boat of the Waxholmsbolaget company (owned and subsidized by the Stockholm Council).
From April to October, in warm months, people can hire Stockholm City Bicycles by buying online cards or by the purchasing bike business card online or through retail. The cards allow users to hire bicycles from all the Stockholm City Cycling areas around the city and return them to any given area. There are two types of tags: the seasonal card (in effect April 1 to October 31) and 3-day cards. When the tag expiry may be reactivated before reuse. Bicycles can be used up to three hours each rent and can be leased from Monday to Friday from 6 a.m. to 10 pm.
- International and domestic:
- Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport (IATA): ARN, ICAO: ESSA) is the largest and winter airport in Sweden with 24.7 million passengers in 2016. It is about 40 km (25 miles) north of Stockholm and as a serves for avian Airlines.
- Stockholm Bromma Airport (IATA: BMA, ICAO: ESSB) is about 8 km (5.0 miles) west of Stockholm.
- International only:
- Stockholm Skavsta Airport (IATA: NYO, ICAO: ESKN) is about 108 km (67 miles) south of Stockholm. It is about 5 km (3 miles) from the capital of Södermanland County.
- Stockholm Västerås Airport (IATA: VST, ICAO: ESOW) about 103 km (64 miles) west of Stockholm, in Västerås.
The railroad links up Arlanda Express airport between Arlanda Airport and the Stockholm center. On the 20-minute trip, taking the train is the fastest way to reach the city center. The Arlanda Central Station also has submarines, submarines and intercity ships.
In addition, there are buses, Flygbussarna, flying between the Stockholm center and all the airports.
The Stockholm Central Station has links to many cities in Sweden and Oslo, Norway, Copenhagen, Denmark. The X 2000-typical Gothenburg service lasted three hours. Most of the ships are run by SJ AB.
- Salted herring: It's the traditional food of the Swedish people. The herring was taken from the Baltic Sea after the salts were cleaned and well until the fish were fermented. The fish was then canned and used for food within a month. This dish is often eaten with pasta fastener, butter, a little potato and sliced red onions.
- Swedish meatballs: it's made from beef or made between beef and pork and pork. The meat is sliced and fresh milk is added, along with the starch spices, acorns, eggs, pepper, white salt, all of these ingredients are evenly mixed. And then they go into the meat of the little ones, and then they eat them, and they fry in the pan, and they're hot oil or baked, depending on the taste.
- Pytti panna: It's meat-made, has onions, broken-cut potatoes, and pied tomatoes, and then fried or boiled, eating with fried eggs and other ingredients.
- Particle soup (ärtsoppa): It's the traditional Swedish food, the pea soup is generally appreciated by the Middle Ages every Thursday. This dish is prepared from the ingredients listed: sliced pork salted, sliced carrots, mint onions, sliced white garlic, baskets, salts, flying leaves, pepper.
Stockholm usually sees good results in the world rankings, some of which are mentioned below:
- In the book of the International Marathon (1997), written by Dennis Craythorn and Rich Hanna, Marathon Stockholm is the world's first marathon.
- In the European Composition of Creativity 2006, it was presented by the Maastricht Institute of Economics for Creativity and Technology (MERIT) and the Citizen’s Protection and Security of the Center for Common Studies of the European Commission, Stockholm was ranked as the most innovative city in Europe.
- In the 2008 World Knowledge Competition Index, published by the International Competition Center, Stockholm is the sixth largest competitor in the world and the most competitive region in the U.S.
- In the European Regional Development Index (E-REGI) 2006, published by Jones Lang LaSalle, Stockholm is the fifth in the list of European cities with the highest GDP growth forecast. Stockholm is the first in Scandinavia and the second outside Central and Eastern Europe.
- In the 2007 European City study published by Cushman & Wakefield, Stockholm is ranked as the best city in North Europe to place a business. In the same report, Stockholm is the first in Europe for no emissions.
- In the 2007 survey by environmental economist Matthew Kahn for Reader's Digest, Stockholm ranked first in the list of "The Blue" and "The Most Livable" cities in the world.
- According to the 2008 survey published by Reader's Digest, Stockholm is the fourth largest in the world in the list of "The Ten Most Honest Cities in the World".
- In 2008, a survey published by National Geographic Traveler, Gamla (old town) was ranked sixth of the high-estimated historical destinations.
- In 2008, in a study published by the Foreign Policy, Stockholm ranked 24 in the list of the world's most global cities.
- In 2009, Stockholm was given the green capital of Europe 2010, the first green capital to qualify for the European Blue Capital Award.
- In 2013, Stockholm was delighted to be the eighth competitive city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
- List of people associated with Stockholm
- Ports and harbors of the Baltic Sea
- Stockholm's syndrome
- Holmium, a chemical element named after Stockholm.
- ^0 See List of areas in the Nordic countries and List of metropolitan in areas Europe
Make reference to
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|title=is empty or missing (help)
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